‘Women in the UK are paid about 18% less per hour than men on average, research by the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) has revealed. The study, which was funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, was published on Tuesday (23 August).
It shows the difference in pay between the two sexes is lesser when comparing younger women who have not yet had any children and their male counterparts. However, this gap was found to increase consistently for 12 years after a woman has had her first child. At this point the difference in hourly pay between the two sexes was found to be about 33%.
IFS said one of the possible reasons for mothers earning less could be because they miss out on promotions. Another reason could be lesser labour market experience, which translates to lesser wage growth in the case of mothers who opt to work part-time or reduce the number of working hours after having a child.’ – International Business Times
‘It concluded that for the mid and high-educated, the gender wage gap is essentially the same as it was 20 years ago.
It is only among the lowest-educated, those with less than three A levels, that the gap has been steadily declining, so bringing down the average.
Associate Director at the IFS and the report’s author Robert Joyce said: “The reduction in the overall gender wage gap has been the result of more women becoming highly educated, and a decline in the wage gap among the lowest-educated.’ - Independent
‘Former prime minister David Cameron had vowed to “end the gender pay gap in a generation” and new government rules are coming in next April that will force bigger employers to publish their pay gap. The UK has also introduced more free childcare and shared parental leave but equality campaigners are concerned too few families can afford for fathers to take it.
Responding to the IFS study a government spokeswoman said: “We want to make our country a place where there is no limit on anyone’s ambition or what they can achieve – that means making sure everyone, regardless of their gender, can succeed at work.
“The gender pay gap is the lowest on record but we know we need to make more progress and faster. That’s why we are pushing ahead with plans to force businesses to publish their gender pay and gender bonus gap.”
A separate report from the Chartered Management Institute (CMI) attempts to shed some light on women’s lack of pay progression by analysing the salary data of more than 60,000 UK managers and professionals. In the past year 14% of men in management roles were promoted into higher positions compared with 10% of women.’ - Guardian